World Passport (WSA)
A peace activist named Garry Davis created the WSA (World Service Authority) in 1953 and traveled around the world using the first "world passport" ever issued. (The organization says they've issued more than a half-million world passports since then.) Davis, a former World War II bomber pilot, had renounced his U.S. citizenship in 1948 and gained notoriety by picketing the fledgling United Nations in Paris. He argued that free travel was a fundamental human right and that world peace required a global government as opposed to a system of nation-states.
He took his first trip on the world passport in 1956, from New York to Bombay. Davis told a New York Times reporter that the Indian customs official seemed confused but stamped it just the same. He would later use the passport to enter Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Switzerland.
The passport didn't always work, and Davis found himself in jail dozens of times. He's also been convicted of fraud for selling the world passport, and some have accused the WSA of making money off of refugees or would-be emigrants.
Passports from the WSA get a special mention in the State Department's Foreign Affairs Manual: "World Service Authority Passports are not acceptable as 'passports' for visa issuing purposes … the document is a 40-page, passport-size document with a bright blue cover with gold lettering."
The Rapper Formerly Known as Mos Def Was Arrested in Cape Town With a World Passport.
The AP reports that Yasiin Bey, the rapper and actor formerly known as Mos Def, was arrested at Cape Town International Airport and has been given 14 days to leave the country after violating immigration laws. After relocating to South Africa in 2013, he overstayed his visitor’s permit and was arrested on Thursday after trying to use an unrecognized “world passport” when trying to leave the country. What’s is that?
As Slate’s Daniel Engber explained in 2006, the Washington-based World Service Authority issues world passports to people who, for whatever reason, prefer not to claim citizenship in any particular country. Only about six countries formally recognize the passport, although, according to the WSA, more than 180 countries, including South Africa, have accepted them on at least one occasion. Actually traveling with one, as Engber wrote, is a bit of a crapshoot and “chances of success will likely depend on the whim (or ignorance) of the schlub working customs at your destination.” (It’s not clear from the initial coverage if Bey was using one of the WSA’s passports or one issued by some other authority. Update: Jan. 15, 2016: Al Jazeera's Atossa Abrahamian confirms that it was from WSA. )
The world passport was the creation of American-born former Broadway actor and world government advocate Garry Davis, who in 1948 renounced his U.S. citizenship at the U.S. embassy in Paris and declared himself a global citizen. Davis managed to travel widely, though he was frequently arrested, and became a minor celebrity for stunts like stealing $47 worth of lingerie from a French department store in order to be arrested and avoid deportation. Davis eventually settled in Vermont, where he died in 2013. In his later years, he had world passports sent to international fugitives Julian Assange and Edward Snowden, though it doesn’t appear to have helped either of them very much in their current predicaments.
As for Bey, his immigration status has been the subject of speculation before. The Brooklyn native told South Africa’s Mail & Guardian in 2014 that he was attracted to Cape Town by the “good vibes” and the thriving art scene as well as dissatisfaction with his home country. “For a guy like me, with five or six generations from the same town in America, to leave America, things gotta be not so good with America," he said. In May 2014, when the politically outspoken rapper canceled a few U.S. tour dates, there were rumors picked up by several news outlets that Bey was being prevented from returning to the United States due to “immigration issues.” The rumors turned out to be false, and he was back in New York for a performance at a Dave Chappelle comedy show that June.
Bey is presumably still a U.S. citizen, unless he has gone through the required procedure, as Davis did, of signing an oath of renunciation at a U.S. diplomatic office in a foreign country. So he should be able to return to the United States if he is expelled from South Africa.
Latest version of the WSA World Passport
Old version of the WSA World Passport