Stolen and Lost Travel Documents database
INTERPOL’s database of Stolen and Lost Travel Documents (SLTD) enables INTERPOL National Central Bureaus (NCBs) and other authorized law enforcement entities – such as immigration and border control officers – to ascertain the validity of a travel document (passports, identity documents, visas) in seconds.
The SLTD database was created in 2002, following the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA, in order to help member countries secure their borders and protect their citizens from terrorists and other dangerous criminals using fraudulent travel documents.
How it works
Details of stolen and lost passports are submitted directly to the STLD database by INTERPOL NCBs and law enforcement agencies via INTERPOL’s I-24/7 secure global police communication system. Only the country which issued a document can add it to the database.
Law enforcement officials at INTERPOL NCBs and other locations with access to INTERPOL’s databases through the I-24/7 system – such as airports and border crossings – can query the passports of individuals travelling internationally against the SLTD, and immediately determine if the document has been reported as lost or stolen so they can take the necessary actions.
INTERPOL is not automatically notified of all passport thefts occurring worldwide, and the SLTD database is not connected to national lists of stolen or lost passports. As such, information on national statistics must be requested directly from the country in question.
Starting with a few thousand records from just 10 countries, the SLTD database has grown exponentially.
- 174 countries contribute to the database which contains more than 68 million records;
- From January to September 2016 it was searched more than 1,243,000,000 times, resulting in more than 115,000 positive responses, or ‘hits’.
Extending access to SLTD
Despite the potential availability of the STLD database, not all countries systematically search the database to determine whether an individual is using a fraudulent passport.
In order to increase the use of the SLTD database worldwide, INTERPOL encourages each member country to extend access to the I-24/7 network – and through it access to its criminal databases including the STLD – to major airports, border crossings and other strategic locations. This requires the installation of technical equipment or specialized software.
To help identify and stop criminals from using lost or stolen travel documents long before they get to the airport or the border, INTERPOL has developed I-Checkit. This initiative allows trusted partners in the airline industry to submit travel documents for screening against the SLTD database when customers book a plane ticket.
A positive ‘hit’ will be relayed to law enforcement, to take any necessary actions.
Advice for travellers
Do not attempt to travel with a document that you have reported as lost or stolen.
Once you have declared your travel document as lost or stolen to your national authorities, it is cancelled and considered invalid. The details of the document are passed on to INTERPOL and entered into the SLTD database. Border officials in INTERPOL's member countries can screen passenger information directly against the SLTD database. Selected airlines can submit the document details through I-Checkit for screening.
If you try to travel with an invalid document, entry or boarding is denied. The travel document is seized to prevent its future use and you cannot travel.
Department of Justice
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Monday, March 11, 2014
INTERPOL Stolen/Lost Travel Document Database
INTERPOL's Stolen/Lost Travel Document database (SLTD) is a searchable repository of information on passports, visas, and identity documents that have been reported stolen or lost, helping prevent the illicit international travel of criminals and terrorists. Currently containing over 40 million records, SLTD is available to police and border security authorities in 190 INTERPOL member countries through their respective National Central Bureaus (NCBs). INTERPOL's General Secretariat administers the database, which became operational in July 2002.
Designed as an investigative tool for law enforcement and border protection entities, SLTD allows authorized users to query specific passport numbers. The database returns information on suspect documents that includes the issuing country, document type, document number, date of theft/loss, and certain information related to the circumstances of the theft or loss.
A country's passport issuing authority, through its corresponding NCB, is the only entity authorized to enter and modify records in SLTD pertaining to the loss or theft of its national travel documents. The United States is one of the largest contributors to SLTD, with over 3 million records currently on file and updates occurring on a daily basis.
INTERPOL Washington, the U.S. National Central Bureau, manages U.S. participation in the SLTD program. Its related responsibilities include ensuring the timely and accurate entry of stolen/lost U.S. passport data into SLTD upon receipt from the U.S. Department of State, establishing and maintaining SLTD query access by U.S. law enforcement and border inspection authorities, and performing verification and resolution in cases involving foreign passports recorded in SLTD presented to U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers at all U.S. ports of entry. INTERPOL Washington also coordinates with its foreign counterparts to resolve any cases involving lost, stolen, and fraudulent U.S. passports presented at foreign border control points.
In May 2007, Congress, the Department of Homeland Security, and the Department of State formally recognized the importance of SLTD as a screening tool for all travelers seeking to enter the United States. International organizations such as the G8, the European Union, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the United Nations Security Council have also endorsed the program. Presently all countries participating in the U.S. Visa Waiver Program report their stolen/lost passport data to INTERPOL for entry into SLTD, as set forth in the Implementing Recommendations for the 9/11 Commission Act of 2007, Pub. L. No. 110-53.
The United States currently screens the passports of all persons entering the country against SLTD. Additionally, the U.S. Department of State queries all U.S. visa applicants' passports against the database. In 2013, U.S. authorities conducted over 238 million SLTD queries, the majority of which came from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Interpol Nepal scans 99,262 stolen, missing passports
KATHMANDU, Jan 6: A few months back, Interpol's National Central Bureau (NCB)-Malaysia got hit in its website under the Stolen and Lost Travel Document (SLTD) section when the passport of one Ramesh Aryal was scanned by machine just before he entered Malaysia.
Following the Interpol database alert, NCB-Malaysia within a few hours contacted NCB-Kathmandu about the suspicious passport and the identity of the passport bearer. The real identity of the passport bearer was then established as Binod Rana Magar. Thus finding Magar guilty of misusing Aryal's passport by replacing the photo, he was deported to Nepal for further action.
Such action become possible thanks to the help of the SLTD database, which is used to ascertain the validity of travel documents -- passports, identity papers, visas -- within a short time. Aryal had lost his passport and applied for a new one after contacting the Department of Passports (DoP) for cancellation of the old document. He not only avoided the misuse of his missing passport but also protected himself from possible hassles.
In recent years, it has become normal practice for Nepalis to report passport losses and acquire replacements.
NCB-Kathmandu started keeping records since November 2014 on such cases and tracking the missing passports with the help of other NCBs when “lost travel documents” are misused for criminal or other undesirable activities.
Till December 2015, NCB-Kathmandu had entered the details of 99,272 passports under the SLTD section of the Interpol website, with the support of the Department of Passport under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, according to Nepal Police spokesperson, DIG Kamal Singh Bam.
DSP Basundhara Khadka, chief of NCB-Kathmandu, said, “The new measure has become helpful in curbing the misuse of passports and has discouraged people applying for passports out of evil motives.”
Following the 11th September 2001 terrorist attacks in the USA, the SLTD database was created in 2002, to help secure the borders and protect citizens from terrorists and criminals using fake travel documents.
As per the arrangements, DoP collects the details of lost passports from various district administration offices across the country and Nepali missions abroad, and provides Interpol the details of lost passport applications.
Sharad Raj Aran, director at the Department of Passport, informed that the department hasdetails of over 130,000 such documents. A few are yet to be sent to Interpol's NCB-Kathmandu for data entries. The NCBs make database entries of dates of issuance, venue of passport issuance, names, surnames and dates of issuance of new passports.
We clearly inform those applying for new passports at various district administration offices and Nepali missions abroad about Interpol's monitoring of missing or stolenpassports, Director Aran said adding, this has contributed to lowering the incidence of misuse.
“We urge those applying for new passports after loss or theft to inform DoP so that they won't face unnecessary hassles in future,” he said.
According to NCB-Kathmandu, action has been taken on some 16 Nepalis so far, with the support of other international NCBs, while NCB Kathmandu has records of 33 people trying to misuse travel documents. Similarly, more than nine foreign nationals trying to enter Nepal through the misuse of travel documents, mainly passports, were subjected to action with the support of the SLTD website hits.
Interpol started the SLTD database with a few thousand records from 10 countries. As of the end of 2015, over 170 countries contribute to the database which contains more than 53,986,000 records of such documents.
From January to November 2015, the searched 'hit' was more than 1,575,000,000 times, with more than 125,000 positive responses, according to Interpol.
AirAsia to implement Interpol’s I-Checkit system
As part of ongoing efforts to enhance international travel security, AirAsia is to pilot Interpol’s I-Checkit system to screen the passports of all its prospective passengers against the world police body’s Stolen and Lost Travel Documents (SLTD) database.
Once implemented later this month the pilot project will see AirAsia become the first airline to integrate I-Checkit with their own check-in systems during the passenger check-in phase across its entire international network, allowing passenger passport numbers to be compared against Interpol’s SLTD database which contains more than 40 million records from 167 countries.
I-Checkit will allow the airline to query the SLTD database but not gain direct access to it. With the pilot project respecting national legislation linked to data protection, no personal data will be transmitted to Interpol, with only the travel document number, form of document and country code screened against SLTD. Should a passenger’s passport register a positive match against the database, AirAsia has procedures in place that will refer the passenger to local authorities. Interpol's procedures would simultaneously be engaged to notify all relevant Interpol National Central Bureaus worldwide.
AirAsia Group CEO, Tony Fernandes, said, “AirAsia is extremely pleased to be the first airline globally to collaborate with Interpol to implement I-Checkit. The partnership we have created will result in improved passenger security and will support our desire to offer low fares, but with the added assurance that this system and partnership provides.”
The I-Checkit system will be deployed across all of AirAsia’s international operations, covering a network of 100 airports across Asia and 600 international flights per day to more than 20 countries worldwide.
In the event of a positive match registered via I-Checkit, alerts for further verification will also be sent to Interpol’s National Central Bureau (NCB) of the country that owns the travel document data, and to Interpol’s General Secretariat headquarters in Lyon, France.
"Interpol is very proud to be piloting I-Checkit with AirAsia. This will raise the bar across the industry for passenger safety and security by preventing individuals using stolen or lost passports from boarding international flights," said Interpol Secretary General Ronald K. Noble during his visit AirAsia operations at Kuala Lumpur's klia2 terminal.
"AirAsia has established the new standard for airline security by screening the passports of all international passengers against Interpol’s database. After today, airlines will no longer have to depend solely on countries screening passports to keep passengers safe from terrorists and other criminals who use stolen passports to board flights. Like AirAsia, they will be able to do it themselves as well," added the Head of Interpol.
Currently, less than 10 countries systematically screen passenger passports against Interpol's Stolen and Lost Travel Document database, with approximately four out of every 10 passports on international flights not screened against Interpol’s database.
I-Checkit was created to fill this glaring security gap by allowing airlines to instantaneously check whether a person intending to board an international flight is using a passport registered with Interpol as stolen or lost. It takes less than 0.5 seconds to query Interpol’s database once a passport is scanned.